The most common definition of sustainable development is the development that satisfies the current generation’s needs of natural resources without taking the next generation’s right in having it.
Also, sustainable development balances between the necessity of improving humans’ lifestyle and health while protecting natural resources and ecosystems. Sustainable development is congruent to the complementation between the economic growth and the quality of the environment.
The sustainable development can be carried out when its three interrelated pillars of economic growth, environmental protection, and social inclusion are available. These pillars include agriculture, infrastructure, energy development and utility, water availability, and transportation. This may include constructing new projects using green materials, creating project designs whose used power is reduced, and increasing the green areas. Nowadays, sustainability bases the leading global framework for international cooperation.
In the 1960s, Sustainable Development concept has started as a debate around the effect of economic growth on the environment.
In 1987, the Brundtland report has mentioned the concept of the sustainable development for the first time to warn people of the disastrous consequences of the economic growth and globalization.
Main Goals of Sustainable Development:
- People: The humans can reach their self-actualization through dignity, equality, and healthy environment.
- Planet: The humans should consume the planet’s natural resources wisely and sustainably, and factories produce while considering keeping the environment clean. This can fulfill the demands of the recent and the coming generations.
- Prosperity: The humans can proceed economically, socially, and technologically to become wealthy and harmonious with nature.
- Peace: Reinforcing fearless and violence-free societies can occur through the sustainable development and peace that depend on one another.
- Partnership: All the countries, stakeholders, and people should take place to carry out this agenda.
Egypt’s Sustainable Development
In 2016, the Environmental Performance Index showed that Egypt has been placed as the 104th rank over 180 countries. The change over the last 10 years was 3.91% with. Also, it scored in general environment sustainability 66.32%.
The highest sustainably efficient ranks of Egypt were in the fields of drinking water and sanitation and water resources (wastewater treatment) with an efficiency that equals 86.72% and 78.54% respectively. The lowest sustainability and environmental ranks were in climate and energy, agriculture, air quality, and health impact.
How Can We All Participate in Sustainable Development?
- Save electricity
- Turn off the lights
- Save paper: stop paper bank statements and bills, and reuse paper if possible
- Arrange for carpool with colleagues, to save energy and money
- Replace old appliances with energy efficient models
- Maintain your car
Eat and shop more responsibly:
- Eat less meat, poultry, and fish
- Shop local and support small businesses
- Shop smart do meal plans so that food is not wasted
Recycle and reuse as much as possible:
- Use a refillable water bottle and coffee cup
- Recycling paper, plastic, glass & aluminum
- Bring your own bag when you shop